GLRPPR Sector Resource: U.S. Grid Energy Storage Factsheet
U.S. Grid Energy Storage Factsheet
Electrical Energy Storage (EES) refers to the process of converting electrical energy into a stored form that can later be converted back into electrical energy when needed. Batteries are the principal devices used for EES. The first battery--called Volta's cell--was developed in 1800 and the first U.S. large-scale energy storage facility was the Rocky River Pumped Storage plant in 1929, on the Housatonic River in Connecticut. Research in energy storage has increased dramatically, especially after the first U.S. oil crisis in the 1970s, and with advancements in the cost and performance of rechargeable batteries. The impact energy storage can have on the current and future energy grid are substantial.
Center for Sustainable Systems - University of Michigan
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