GLRPPR: Sector Resources: Documents: Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints
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GLRPPR Sector Resource: Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints

Energy and carbon footprints map energy use and carbon emissions in manufacturing from energy supply to end use. The footprints show where energy is used and lost--and the associated greenhouse gases (GHGs) that are emitted. Each footprint visualizes the flow of energy (in the form of fuel, electricity, or steam) to major end uses in manufacturing, including boilers, power generators, process heaters, process coolers, machine-driven equipment, facility HVAC, and lighting. Footprints are available for 15 manufacturing sectors that collectively represent 95% of all manufacturing energy use, as well as for U.S. manufacturing as a whole in 2010.

Each footprint presents data at two levels of detail. The first page provides a high-level view of supply and end use, while the second page shows details of how energy is distributed to onsite end uses. The analyses are based on manufacturing energy consumption data from the Energy Information Administration's 2010 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS), along with referenced energy loss and emission factors, and input from industry and subject matter experts. Footprints show aggregate data for each sector, including:

Electricity and steam generated offsite and transferred to the facility, as well as electricity and steam generated onsite

Fuel, electricity, and steam consumed by major end uses in a manufacturing facility

Offsite and onsite energy losses due to the generation, transmission and distribution, and end use consumption of energy (some losses are unrecoverable)

GHG emissions released during the combustion of fuel.


DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

Resource Type:
Other resources

Date of Publication:
Updated February 2014

Associated Sectors:


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